Posts Tagged ‘Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice’

Is Warner Bros. Doing a Poor Job Marketing the Wonder Woman Movie?

May 2, 2017


We are exactly one month out from the theatrical release of Wonder Woman, and first off, oh my lord we’re only a month away from Wonder Woman! How amazing is that? Fans have been waiting years, decades really, for a Wonder Woman movie and we’re finally about to get one. Plus it’s actually looking pretty cool. From everything we’ve seen thus far, it feels like Patty Jenkins, Gal Gadot, and the whole team have put together something fun, exciting, and most importantly true to the character. We got two TV trailers at the end of last week that made me increasingly hopeful about the film:

We also got this longer preview during Gotham last night, and it was great too:

The trailers are funny, which is good to see because that’s something the DCEU’s been sorely lacking, but they’re also stylish and action packed. I also appreciate that neither these nor the full trailers have given away too much story. We don’t even have an official look at Ares in full on Ares mode yet, and that shows some admirable restraint.

More importantly, these new trailers are telling me exactly what I want to hear about the Amazons and Wonder Woman, namely that the Amazons were created to bring peace to the world and that Diana is their champion for this cause. The “Power” spot has the tagline “There is a power greater than man,” which is perfect, and it’s hard not to get excited when you hear Wonder Woman say, “I will fight for those who cannot fight for themselves.” That’s who Wonder Woman is, and it’s encouraging to see that they’ve captured the essence of the character in this way.

However, while the trailers are fantastic, there’s been some concerns in the fan and film communities about Wonder Woman‘s lack of marketing more broadly. We’re only a month out now and we’re just starting to see TV trailers roll out, plus there seems to be a lack of Wonder Woman product branding, tie-ins, and what have you. Others suggest that the film is about on track, with Warner Bros. having spent the same amount of money a month out with Suicide Squad as they have thus far with Wonder Woman. There are interesting points on either side of this issue across myriad posts you can read at your leisure.

Having followed Wonder Woman closely, I fall on the side of being underwhelmed by the marketing thus far. Just over a year ago, I was up to my ears in Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice paraphernalia. That movie was EVERYWHERE, not just in theater and television advertising but in piles upon piles of branded products, toys, and other items. There were cereals, for goodness sake, one for Batman and one for Superman. And the marketing team made a big show of sending them out to notable folks in a special box so that they’d share it on social media. It was all a bit goofy and over the top, and the flavours of the cereal sounded disgusting, but it speaks to the omnipresence of the Batman v Superman marketing that their weird cereals got such a massive push.

Wonder Woman doesn’t have her own movie branded cereal. In fact, she’s got little in the way of any grocery item tie-ins, apart from Dr. Pepper. Wonder Woman is different than Batman v Superman in little ways as well, like Lego, for example. Batman v Superman got three different Lego sets, while Wonder Woman has only one. It looks super rad, with Ares and Steve’s plane and such, but it’s still just one set. A month before Batman v Superman, you could walk through any major store, be it grocery or big box generally, and see Batman and/or Superman stuff EVERYWHERE. We were inundated with it. A month out from Wonder Woman, the Wonder Woman items are few and far between.

Now, I don’t think that Warner Bros. is intentionally trying to tank Wonder Woman or anything nefarious like that. But I do think it’s clear that they allotted far, far more resources and effort to their dumb movie where the superhero boys punched it out than they have to Wonder Woman. And this is somewhat troubling, because even with all that effort, Batman v Superman  only did about fine at the box office. It made Warner Bros. a good amount of money and obviously the franchise is continuing, but it wasn’t near major Marvel levels despite the fact that it starred the two most famous superhero characters in the universe. With all of that marketing effort behind it, Batman v Superman still got bested by the lower budget, R-rated Deadpool in the United States.

The thing is, Batman and/or Superman can have a mid-level performance at the box office and be fine. We’ve seen it several times over. Batman & Robin sucked? Don’t worry, here comes the Nolan trilogy. Superman Returns flopped? Don’t worry, here comes Man of Steel. Warner Bros., and studios generally, are dedicated to their male characters. This is not the case with female characters. If Wonder Woman doesn’t do well, it might be a long time before Warner Bros. takes another crack at her, and it would certainly hamper the chances for future female-led superhero films.

That’s why the underwhelming marketing for Wonder Woman thus far is a concern. An aggressive marketing push can really help a film succeed, but the studio seems to be taking a more relaxed approach. It feels like a missed opportunity on multiple levels. First, strongly pushing Wonder Woman would show that Warner Bros. is committed to Wonder Woman and female leads generally, which would have been nice to see. Second, a successful Wonder Woman would inevitably come with a strong female fanbase that could even further expand the audience for the DCEU, which would be great for the studio. And third, after decades of development, they’ve finally got a Wonder Woman movie and it looks really good, so it would make sense to set it up in the best position possible. And Warner Bros. isn’t quite doing that, relative to how they’ve promoted movies in the past.

The good news is that Wonder Woman does look great. The new trailers are fantastic, the movie feels exciting and cool and different, and the buzz has been very positive thus far. I’m optimistic not only that the movie will be good, but that it will do well. It just would have been nice to see more of a push from Warner Bros. to help ensure that it does more than well. Hopefully it does so on its own merits, and maybe we’ll see lots more promotional stuff roll out in the weeks to come. It just doesn’t feel like Warner Bros. has treated Wonder Woman like the landmark movie it should be.


Open Letter From WB “Insider” Calls Wonder Woman Movie “A Mess”, Patty Jenkins Disagrees

August 15, 2016


In a fun bit of internet drama late last week, Pajiba posted an open letter from a pseudonymed, irate Warner Bros. employee addressed to the company’s CEO, Kevin Tsujihara. The letter took Tsujihara to task for a variety of box office bombs and underperforming franchises, failures for which lower level employees have borne the brunt via layoffs. There’s been some debate about the legitimacy of the letter writer and many have called it a fake written by a fan; the letter has tidbits of insider knowledge, though perhaps not enough to prove her credibility wholly. Regardless of its authenticity, the letter is an amusing scorcher, and is particularly interesting for what it has to say about Warner Bros.’s upcoming Wonder Woman film in the wake of Suicide Squad‘s critical drubbing:

What are you even doing? I wish to God you were forced to live out of a car until you made a #1 movie of the year. Maybe Wonder Woman wouldn’t be such a mess. Don’t try to hide behind the great trailer. People inside are already confirming it’s another mess. It is almost impressive how you keep rewarding the same producers and executives for making the same mistakes, over and over.

We don’t get many specifics, but the implication seems to be that Wonder Woman is in a troubling state in the same way that Suicide Squad was, i.e. a film developed in a similarly dark vein as Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice scrambling to change its tone after critics eviscerated Batman v Superman and the film failed to deliver the studio’s box office expectations (it made a lot of money, sure, but all sources suggest that Warner Bros. expected it to be a billion dollar movie, which it wasn’t). Suicide Squad had massive reshoots trying to strike a lighter tone, and the resulting film is a bizarre jumble that’s just plummeted at the box office in its second week. This open letter suggests that Wonder Woman might be experiencing similar troubles.

Whether or not this is true, Wonder Woman director Patty Jenkins took to Twitter to defend the film and call into question the report. Combined into a paragraph with her original spelling and grammar, Jenkins wrote:

Woah, just saw this press about WW having problems. Are they serious? This is some made up bs right here. Made up! Produce a source, anyone. You can’t because it’s entirely false. Don’t believe the hype people. Someone’s trying to spread some serious misinfo. Isn’t until you are intimately involved in these things that you realize how totally false these rumors can. Let me reassure you zero about the movie we are making has been called a mess by anyone in the know. Fact. Real lasso of truth, time, will reveal that letter to be false soon enough. But lame something so transparent in its agenda gets traction.

It’s an unequivocal defense of the movie, which is to be expected from its director, really. Though we’ve seen other directors at Warner Bros. talk about how well their film is going and how everyone is on board only to end up with cinematic messes; see: Man of Steel, Batman v Superman and Suicide Squad. Still, Wonder Woman is ten months away and I doubt there’s even much of a rough cut yet, much less anything near a finished picture. Unless it’s been terrible from the start, it’s unlikely there’s much for folks at Warner Bros. to praise or criticize yet. Plus Geoff Johns co-wrote the film, and he’s the poster boy for DC’s new, more fun direction. Wonder Woman may turn out to be the first film in this new tone, rather than the last of the original dark tone.

As always with rumoury movie news, time will tell. The trailer for Wonder Woman was fantastic, Gal Gadot is a great Wonder Woman, and the rest of the cast seems strong. I’m not worried about it yet, apart from my general worry about any superhero film that involves Zack Snyder in any capacity. The open letter will either be a prescient warning if the movie is bad or something we all forget about if it’s good. I remain cautiously optimistic it will be good. Maybe I’m fooling myself after Man of Steel, Batman v Superman, and Suicide Squad, but I’m hoping for the best.

Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Review – Wonder Woman Steals the Show from the Angsty Boys

March 25, 2016


I’ve been wary of Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice from the get-go, having gotten burned by director Zack Snyder with the mess that was Man of Steel. From the moment it was announced, I’ve greeted the film with caution and snark. However, here’s my deep dark secret: I REALLY wanted this movie to be good. It’s Batman and Superman and Wonder Woman on the big screen, together! I was excited to see it, and no one in the theater last night was hoping for an awesome superhero movie more than I was. I wasn’t expecting it to be good, but I was hoping that it would be.

It was not. From the moment it started, it was super grim and so, so serious. And ridiculously dark, both tonally and visually. The movie spans a few months, and I don’t think that there was a single sunny day in the mix. Nearly every scene’s colour palette was muted and drab; it could have been black and white and not looked all that different. As for our stalwart heroes, they were both moping and broody and generally unpleasant. That vibe sort of fit for Batman, but it was a bad look on Superman.

Both heroes were also straight up dummies. No spoilers, but the bulk of the film’s conflict could have been avoided if Batman and Superman had just had a conversation instead of assuming the worst about each other and getting angrier and angrier. Plus they were clearly being manipulated by Lex Luthor all the while, and didn’t even notice because, again, they’re dummies. All of the furious planning and their eventual battle becomes increasingly idiotic as the film progresses, and all the while you know it’s going to end with them teaming up anyway, making everything feel both stupid and pointless.

Snyder also throws some religious themes in the mix that he must have thought were clever and deep but that ultimately made no sense. Luthor bloviates as some sort of anarcho-atheist, railing against the supposedly god-like Superman, hyping the confrontation with Batman as god versus man. It all falls very flat. Superman’s just not a god, no matter how many dramatically lit, serious shots of Superman impassively saving people Snyder puts in the film. First, that’s not Superman; Superman smiles when he saves people. And second, no hero is more human than Superman. That’s been the crux of the character forever. He’s an alien, but he was raised as a human and embodies humanity’s best qualities. The religious subtext, so unsubtle that it’s basically just text, is a failed attempt to make the movie more important and serious than it is. It just doesn’t fit, and Snyder’s increasing heavy handedness with it goes nowhere.

Essentially, both characters are just fundamentally wrong. Batman shouldn’t be stupid enough to get tricked into a fight with Superman, and Superman shouldn’t be angsty enough to lose his sense of who he is. Batman should be smart, Superman should be happy, and they are neither. Thus, we end up with a very dumb movie.

There are many more unpleasant things in the film. Batman basically kills a bunch of people, sometimes with guns, so that’s messed up. There are a lot of murders generally, really. Also, don’t get too attached to the female characters. And prepare to be annoyed by Lex Luthor, though I will say that given that Batman and Superman are so serious and dull throughout the film, Lex is one of the few characters that seems to have an actual personality, however irksome it may be.

But let’s get to the good stuff. Perry White and Alfred are pretty fun, and I think that Affleck could have been a decent Batman in a film that didn’t turn him into an angry moron. You all know who I really care about, though; let’s talk Lois Lane and Wonder Woman!

First up, Lois Lane! I thought that this was almost a great movie for Lois. Again, I’m going to try to dance around spoilers here, but Lois was in the thick of things for most of the film, launching a key investigation and playing an important role in the film’s final conflict. However, she never quite gets the job done, on any front. All of her brave feats turn into damsel in distress scenes in which Superman has to save her; he does so at least three times. It’s fun that Lois has such an active, often heroic role in the movie, but I would’ve liked her to see her brave plans through to the end more.

Her relationship with Clark was endearing and sweet, even though the whole movie gets weird and dark once Batman and Superman start feuding. They’re adorable together at the beginning of the movie, and Lois tried to keep Superman focused on his true heroic nature as things got progressively darker, with mixed success. Things got a little overdramatic by the end of the film, but the conclusion was a bizarre mess as a whole. Amy Adams still did a lot of teary eyed on-looking throughout the movie, but ultimately Batman v Superman was a consistently solid showcase for Lois, though her exploits didn’t reach the heights of her initial scoop in Man of Steel.

Wonder Woman, however, stole the dang show. With Batman and Superman busy being dummies and acting out, Wonder Woman was the only real superhero in the film. Gal Gadot is both intriguing and stunning, and her early background appearances as Diana Prince were eye-catching and far more interesting than the goings on in the foreground. She outsmarted both Lex Luthor and Bruce Wayne, nabbing a piece of tech that Bruce was using to hack Lex, but Diana was no thief; she was just trying to take back something that had been stolen from her, and later she returned Bruce’s tech to him. Even when engaging in sneaky espionage, she was honourable and honest.

And then, Wonder Woman. This will get into minor spoilers, but if you’ve seen the trailers then you know how things end up, Doomsday-wise. Wonder Woman in the Doomsday battle is a complete delight. She’s an Amazon, so she knows what to do with monsters, and throws herself into the fight. Literally, she LAUNCHES herself at Doomsday. While Batman and Superman are getting pummeled and jumping out of the way, Wonder Woman dances around Doomsday and lands blow after blow. When she gets knocked down, she smiles and gets right back into the thick of things. Throughout the battle, she uses her bracelets to block Doomsday’s eye blasts, defends herself with her shield, slices away at Doomsday with her sword, and then nabs the monster with her lasso. It’s all SUPER AWESOME.

Wonder Woman is basically the only character in the movie having fun. She’s sneaking into places as Diana Prince and outsmarting everyone, then having a blast on the battlefield as she fights Doomsday. There’s a joy and a confidence to Gadot’s portrayal of Wonder Woman that so perfectly captures the character for me, and I can’t wait to see her in her own film. We get a tease of her World War One past in Batman v Superman, but just a small look. If Gadot can bring the same spirit to Wonder Woman, it could be an amazing movie. She was the best part of this movie, by a considerable margin.

So overall, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice was a fairly stupid, overly dark, not particularly enjoyable film, but it’s worth seeing for the amazingness that is Wonder Woman. We get a quick look at some other heroes too, which is sort of fun, and the stage is very clearly set for who the Justice League will be facing in their upcoming film. It seems like it’s going to be an even darker fight, which is uncool. This universe is so deeply unpleasant, apart from Wonder Woman, and I’m not looking forward to Snyder’s next outing, at all. I don’t need him to grimdark and angst up a bunch of my other favourite characters. But so long as Wonder Woman is in it, I’ll be there.

First Image of the Amazons in the Wonder Woman Movie Debuts

March 24, 2016

With Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice hitting theaters tomorrow, Warner Bros. is already ramping up the excitement for their next major superhero feature, Patty Jenkins’ upcoming Wonder Woman film. We’ve seen only small teases of the film, due out in theaters in June 2017, and most of them have been set in England during World War One rather than on Diana’s mythological home. But that ends today! Entertainment Weekly has premiered a picture of four Amazons, including some familiar characters:


From left to right, we’ve got Lisa Loven Kongsli as Menalippe, Gal Gadot as Diana, Connie Nielsen as Hippolyta, and Robin Wright as Antiope. Diana was raised by the three women who surround her, a triumvirate of mothers with different focuses ranging from the military to ruling.

My first reaction to the image is a bit of a shrug, to be honest. Which isn’t a good sign, seeing as that’s how I’ve met every Wonder Woman-related reveal thus far, dating back to her first Batman v Superman image; they’re just not releasing exciting pictures for some reason. But at the same time, despite the ho-hum first pic, Wonder Woman looks AMAZING in the Batman v Superman trailer and is poised to be the film’s breakout star, so first impressions aren’t necessarily all that important.

I’m more excited in theory than in practice. It’s so cool that a Wonder Woman film is on the way and that we’re going to get Amazons on the big screen, and they all look suitably bad ass. However, while the photo is slightly brighter than Batman v Superman‘s dark, muted palette, it’s still pretty flat. There’s not a lot of colour here. Not that it needs to be bright and garish or anything, but all of these costumes are crying out for a pop of something to liven them up and give each outfit a little character rather than this sort of blah brownness.

Along the same lines, this armor isn’t particularly unique or special or “Amazonian” to me. It’s fine and all, but it’s all stuff I’ve seen before, a sort of mash up of Vikings and Thor and maybe a bit of the Immortals. It lacks any sort of origin in fun versions from the comics, but in going in a new direction it’s actually not all that different or cool. These are women who have been separated from the outside world for thousands of years; they should have a rad, awesome look that is totally their own.

Also, these are some dour looking gals. I get that they’re going for tough, warrior women, but Amazons who aren’t smiling just aren’t Amazons to me. Being an Amazon should be a blast: You’re awesome at everything, you’ve got no bros cramping your style, and your society is advanced and pretty much utopian. I’d like to see a little more joy in the photo, or a little more fun. Just something other than this stare down.

This photo is really white, too, which is a bad call for a few reasons. First, where is Phillipus? She’s been a key part of the Wonder Woman mythos for decades now as Hippolyta’s general (and lady friend), and is a fan favourite. Her military role seems to have been taken over by Antiope here, though hopefully Phillipus is just off to the side and we’ll see her in the actual film. But for the four main Amazons that Warner Bros. decided to debut, it’s all white women, despite the fact that the Amazons have been portrayed as a multi-ethnic group in the comics for some time. Moreover, if you want to get all “historical” about it, the Amazons shouldn’t be white at all, nor have any Greek trappings; in the ancient stories, the Amazons are defined by their lack of Greekness and are usually depicted as originating in Northern Africa or the Middle East. So yeah, all white ladies is dumb on multiple fronts.

Patty Jenkins also makes a comment in the Entertainment Weekly article about the Amazons having heels which is too silly to bother to discuss. Just, no.

So I’m generally underwhelmed by this first look at the Amazons, though I’m still very excited that this picture exists and that a Wonder Woman movie is happening. I still have a lot of faith in Patty Jenkins as well, regardless of the high heels goofiness. That’s the only thing she’s said about the film thus far that struck me as odd; she’s been encouragingly on point in everything else I’ve seen. The picture also checks some important boxes, in that these are great actresses who totally look like warrior women. That’s what we’re looking for. It’s just that, like with everything in the DC cinematic universe thus far, I’d like to see a little bit more joy and colour in the mix.

Check Out This Upcoming BvS Wonder Woman Statue From Brazil’s Iron Studios

March 7, 2016


We’re just a few weeks away from Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice hitting theaters, and the merchandise is continuing to roll out; I just got a BvS Wonder Woman Pez dispenser the other day that’s pretty rad. Thing are even going international! My pal Rogério from Brazil recently sent me a link to the Wonder Woman statue above, which will be available later in the year from Brazil’s Iron Studios, and it looks amazing.

The statue is 1/10 scale, and Iron Studios lists its height at 18.2cm, or just over 7 inches. For such a small piece, the detail is really impressive. Take a look at this close up of Wonder Woman’s hip, which shows the texture in the skirt, the detail in the lasso, and the dings on her bracers:


It’s pretty incredible. The face sculpt is nice as well, especially for the size:


For more pictures, check out the photoset on Iron Studios’ Facebook page. It’s a very sharp looking piece all around.

The statue is set to sell for R$329,99, which works out to a little under $90 US. That’s a decent price for such a lovely piece. Iron Studios also has Batman and Superman statues, but who cares about those guys? Wonder Woman’s totally going to steal the show anyway.

In terms of the release date, Iron Studios says, “Lançamento previsto para o segundo semestre de 2016.” I speak no Portuguese whatsoever, but I’m guessing that “segundo semestre de 2016” means the second half of 2016, and it looks like Google agrees with me; a straight translation is, “Scheduled for release in the second half of 2016.” So we’ll have to keep our eyes peeled for this one. I’m not sure how much distribution Iron Studios has in North America or where the statue might be available, but I’m definitely going to keep a look out.

New Batman v Superman Trailer Features More Wonder Woman, Thus Is The Best Trailer Yet

February 11, 2016

With Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice just over a month away now, Warner Bros. has released their final full length trailer for the movie. And surprisingly, it opens kind of awesomely, with Batman taking down a bunch of bad guys. I’m still very leery of this film for a variety of reasons, but I’m kind of excited to see that scene on the big screen. It looks all sorts of cool.

Then the trailer gets back to the goofy bro angst and fighting each other shenanigans, and everything gets decidedly less interesting. Except for Wonder Woman! She’s yet again a very small part of the trailer, but her role is slightly bigger than in the past couple. And she gets to say a line, sticking it to Bruce Wayne no less. Here it is, in handy GIF form:




That’s kind of fun. And then she does this, which looks super rad:


I pity whoever she’s leaping towards. They are going to end up in a bad way.

While I still have very little hope for this movie as a whole, I’d love to be pleasantly surprised and I’m definitely enjoying everything I’ve seen of Gal Gadot as Wonder Woman so far. She seems primed to steal the show, for sure. If anyone can straighten those dumb boys out, it’s Wonder Woman.

BvS Wonder Woman Barbie Available For Pre-order; Offers New Details on her Film Origins

February 3, 2016


We got a sneak peak at the Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Barbie doll of Gal Gadot as Wonder Woman last summer, and now the doll is available for pre-order at the Barbie Collection website. It’s not too pricey either, coming in at $39.95 US; it’s not cheap by any means, but it’s not overly expensive. It looks pretty cool, too! The colours are nice and bright, she’s got her lasso, sword, and shield, and it looks like there’s a lot of articulation on the doll. I haven’t played with Barbies in a long time, but if I correctly remember the ones my sister had, they were pretty stiff, and only moved at the shoulder and hip joints. This Wonder Woman doll appears to have elbow and knee joints, rotation in the upper arm, and perhaps even some hand turning articulation.

The Barbie Collection site offers a closer look at the doll; the photos are very detailed, and allow you to zoom in close to see the impressive detail. The leather in her sash, for example, is nicely textured, as is her skirt, and the shield is very detailed. It looks like they’ve done a lovely job with her. Also, if all of the dolls retain that hair flip, I’ll be super impressed. One thing I do remember from my sister’s Barbies is that their hair could go real wonky.

The official description for the Wonder Woman doll also provides some insight into her cinematic origins. It reads:

The wild card in Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice™, Wonder Woman is the daughter of Zeus and an Amazonian princess! Sculpted and costumed just like the movie character, she’s fully articulated and ready to fight with her sword, shield, and her iconic “magic” lasso. Knee-high boots, armored bracelets, and a headdress complete her warrior’s attire.

So that’s another confirmation on the daughter of Zeus angle; it seems that the movies are definitely going with her New 52 origin, which is disappointing but expected. The real surprise is that they call Diana the daughter of “an Amazonian princess”, when in every incarnation of the character she’s the daughter of an Amazonian queen. It may just be a mistake, or a miscommunication, because Wonder Woman is the one who is the Amazon princess. Or perhaps, given that Wonder Woman is going to be 5,000 years old, maybe her mother Hippolyta WAS a princess when she had Diana and later ascended to become queen. Whatever this Barbie packaging may say, all of the coverage surrounding Connie Nielsen’s recent casting as Hippolyta referred to her as a queen, so that will likely be her role.

EDITED TO ADD: As Marty points out in the comments, the Amazonian princess bit may just be poor phrasing. So, instead of being the daughter of Zeus and the daughter of an Amazonian princess, Diana might be the daughter of Zeus AS WELL AS being an Amazonian princess, leaving Hippolyta out of it completely.  Which makes much more sense.

The Barbie Collection site says that the Wonder Woman doll will ship by March 1, so it should start hitting stores relatively soon. And I’m hearing word that Wonder Woman figures from Batman v Superman‘s other toy lines have been arriving on store shelves, though they’re selling out quickly. I’ve yet to see any at the major department stores here in Halifax, Nova Scotia, but I think we’re pretty low on the distribution chain. I hope you’ve saved your pennies for this onslaught of Wonder Woman merchandise! I try to practical with my money and all, but I’m probably going to end up buying every single Wonder Woman toy I see. Just wait until next year when she’s got her own movie toy line! I’m going to go broke.

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